Preface and General
Acamama or Aqha-mama: ancient name of the city, prior to "Qosqo".
Alpaca or Paqocha (Vicugna pacos): domesticated South-American cameloid very appreciated for its wool and meat.
Altomisayoq: "whom says the high mass" : Andean Religion priest.
Ama Sua, Ama Llulla, Ama Kella: "Do not be a thief, liar, neither lazy"; three rules ascribed to the Inkan Society.
Andesite: dark granite, very common in the Andes.
Antisuyo: one of the four Tawantinsuyo's nations, identified in the jungle, toward Qosqo's east.
Apacheta: pile of divers elements left by travelers on the highest passes as offerings.
Apu: superior spirit or deity.
Auki: minor spirit or deity.
Ceque or Seque: imaginary line with a succession of temples.
Ch'arki: Jerk (Jerky), dehydrated meat (salty dried).
Ch'aska: Venus Star.
Chaski: relay runner in charge of taking messages.
Chicha: Spanish word naming the "Aqha" of Inkan Society; that is, fermented maize beer.
Chinchaysuyo: the Tawantinsuyo's northern nation.
Chinkana: "Where one may get lost", underground tunnel.
Ch'uño: dehydrated potato.
Contisuyo: Tawantinsuyo's nation located toward the west of the city, toward the coast.
Collasuyo: Tawantinsuyo's nation located toward the south of Qosqo, in the Peruvian Altiplano (high plateau).
Cuy, Cuye or Qowi: (Cavia porcellus) guinea pig or cavy, when roasted is the most symbolic main dish in the region.
Guanaco or Wanaku: (Lama guanicoe) non domesticated reddish South-American cameloid looking like a llama.
Hanan Pacha: World's level according to Andean Religion located in the sky or sidereal space.
Hanan or Hawan Qosqo: higher or upper Qosqo.
Haukaypata: "Ceremonial Square", it is argued that it was the original name of the Main Plaza.
Illapa: Andean God compound by thunder, lightning and thunderbolt.
Inka: Tawantinsuyo's king, monarch, or sovereign.
Inti or P'unchau: Sun God.
Inti Raymi: "Sun Festivity", the most important celebration in Inkan times, every winter solstice (June 21st).
Intiwatana: "Sun Fastener", modern name for "saywa" or solar observatory.
Jiwaya or Jiwayo: hematite, hard rock used as a hammer for carving some other softer stones.
Kacharpari: farewell party.
Kay Pacha: World's level according to Andean Religion located on the earth's surface.
Kallanka: completely roofed huge building that regularly served as lodge.
Kancha or Cancha: complex of different rooms around a central patio.
Killa or Mama Killa: "Moon" or "Mother Moon".
K'intu: offering made with three or more coca leaves.
Kiwicha or Amaranto: (Amaranthus caudatus) very rich and energetic small cereal.
...kuna: suffix denoting plural in the Quechua Language.
Kuraq Tayta: "elder father", major priest of Inkan Religion.
Kusipata: "Joy Plaza", nowadays it has the same name.
K'uychi: Rainbow, it was another Andean God.
Llama: (Lama glama) domesticated South-American cameloid.
Mallki: Inkan mummy.
Mitimaes: human groups displaced from their hometowns.
Mullu: (Spondylus sp.) marine shell representing the "mother sea", it was more valuable than any precious metal.
Pachakamaq: Superior God of Peruvian Civilizations also identified as "Wiraqocha" or "Tonapa".
Pachamama: Mother Earth, deity worshipped even today.
Pago and Despacho: "Payment" and "Dispatch", offerings for divers deities, formed by organic, inorganic, manufactured elements, etc.
Panaka: Inka's extended family.
Panpamisayoq: "whom says mass on the earth", Andean Religion priest.
Paqo: "Priest" of Andean Religion. Paqos have different hierarchies.
Phaqcha: ceremonial water fountain.
Pututo: Andean trumpet made with a marine shell (Strombus galeatus).
Qamayoq or Camayoq: Quechua official in charge of care and maintenance of something; for example, "Qhipu Qamayoq": in charge of qhipus.
Qhatu: market where bartering prevails.
Qhipu or Khipu: accounting system based in multicolored strings and divers knots.
Quechua: modern name of the ancestral "Runa Simi" Andean Language.
Quinua or Quinoa: (Chenopodium quinoa), very energetic small cereal.
Qochamama: deity located in lakes or the sea.
Qollqa or Pirwa: storehouse for goods such as food, clothing, etc.
Qosqo: "navel", original name of the city in Inkan times.
Qoya: Queen, the Inka's wife.
Runa: man, common people, majority class.
Runa Simi: "man's language", native language of this corner of the world, also named "Qheswa" or "Quechua".
Sirvinakuy: modern name for the Andean Trial Marriage.
Tambo: Spanish form of "tanpu", it was a town or building offering lodge and supplies for travelers.
Tarwi: (Lupinus mutabilis), edible lupine beans that are very popular in high zones.
Tawantinsuyo: original name of the Inkan territory and society.
Tokapu: design found in textiles framed in a square; there are proofs that it was an ideo-graphic language.
Tukuyrikuq: "whom sees everything", official supervisor.
Ukhu Pacha: World's level according to Andean Religion located underground.
Urin or Uran Qosqo: lower Qosqo.
Usnu: high platform in the public plazas from which rulers or chiefs used to talk to their people.
Vicuna or Wik'uña: non domesticated South-American cameloid having the finest fiber (wool) in the world.
Waka or Guaca: temple or sanctuary.
Wakaypata: "Weeping Plaza", ancient name of the Plaza de Armas.
Wayrana: building having just three walls.
Willaq Uma: "Predicting Head", major Inkan Priest.
Willkamayu: "Sacred River", original name of the Urubamba or Vilcanota River.
Wiraqocha: invisible superior god of Peruvian civilizations also identified as "Pachacamaq" and "Tonapa".
Yakumama: (yaku = unu) "Mother Water".
Yanakuna: home servants of the Inkan society.